431(2): New Expression for Vacuum Energy

This is given in Eq. (13), which can be solved for m (r). This equation describes the vacuum if m is the mass of the vacuum particle introduced in UFT338 and related to the “missing mass” of the universe. In ECE theory there is no missing mass because of the existence of the vacuum particle. The vacuum energy (13) can be transferred to material matter, giving the material force (16). This material force, if designed to be positive, causes low energy nuclear reaction to take place.


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