## Gyroscopes on a Balance

The classical analytical dynamics of this system are given in great detail in UFT368, and the precessional and nutational motions graphed by co author Horst Eckardt. Eq. (37) of UFT369 gives the conditions for weightlessness of a gyro. UFT319 gives other conditions for weightlessness and counter gravitation. We also investigated the effect of an arbitrary external torque and also the analytical problem of a gyro with one point fixed subjected to an external torque. The motion of the gyroscope was evaluated numerically. The gyroscope cannot lift itself off the ground. If a gyroscope is spun on a balance, its point will remain on the balance. In our analysis there was no violation of conservation laws. In ECE2 the classical dynamics are augmented by a gravitational vector potential Q, equivalent to the electromagnetic potential A, as pointed out by co author Horst Eckardt this morning. SO the effects of Q can be worked in to the analysis.

Sent: 04/06/2017 18:42:11 GMT Daylight Time
Subj: Two gyros on a scale — the most simple ANTIGRAVITY experiment.

On Sun, Jun 4, 2017 at 12:11 PM, Horst Eckardt <mail> wrote:

Dear Agatha,

Thank you for hinting to your second device on your web page, two gyros on a scale. This seems indeed to be the most simple experiment. I will propose our group to start with this.

Dear Horst,

Thank you very much.

Greatly appreciated.

It cannot get any simpler than that. :))

I hope your group could try to perform this experiment
at the same time, in parallel with your other experiments?

Please, take a good look at the TECHNICAL NOTES

section at the very bottom of this message.

It would be nice if your München Group could make

a video recording of :

Two gyros on a scale —
the most simple ANTIGRAVITY experiment

## TECHNICAL NOTES

### To be more realistic, and also more empirically precise, we need to perform the above experiment in slightly different way than it seems to be implied by the above illustrations.

The two gyros hang in balance, motionless. By hand, let’s raise one motionless gyro, and let it come down freely. It will oscillate before it comes back to motionless balance again in due time.

Now, let’s repeat it, this time raising a spinning gyro. It will freely come down, but slower. It will take more time due to a little bit of antigravity effect it will generate. This will decrease the frequency of its oscillations before it comes back to the motionless balance again. Perhaps the mean of the amplitude might be slightly shifted upward from the motionless balance level?

It would be interesting to check if the direction of spin has influence on the results. It should not have any.

The reason why the spinning gyro (with the horizontal spin axis) might not take off and antigravitate in a spectacular fashion, as it was suggested by the above illustrations, is that its angular velocity (and angular momentum) will start to instantly decelerate upon releasing it at the motionless balance level.

### Then again, it may as well raise, depending on how strong its angular momentum is when it is released at the level of the motionless balance.

If instead of a gyro we would use a rotor with a constant angular velocity (and angular momentum), the spinning rotor would slowly raise (antigravitate) at a constant rate. For the rotor to accelerate its antigravitating movement, we would need to accelerate its angular velocity (and angular momentum).

The spinning gyro (with the horizontal spin axis), should be suspended on the balance-scale in the way that will prevent it from precessing (or rotating), and the gyro should be allowed a degree of freedom to naturally hang horizontally at all times, even when it goes up, or down. The balance-scale should be allowed to move only up, or down. These conditions could be pretty much self-evident from looking at the very primitive graphics that were used above to illustrate the experiment.

What if we repeat this experiment with both gyros having their axis of spin oriented vertically, instead of horizontally? What if one gyro is spinning horizontally, and the other one is spinning vertically? For the above two options we can try each direction of spin, too.

Experimenting with rotors is a bit more difficult, especially for the reason that should they happen to be electrically powered, this could potentially introduce electromagnetic field which in turn could interfere with Earth’s magnetic and electric fields in an unpredictable manner. In this experiment, the natural antigravity effect is the result of a horizontally oriented angular momentum interacting with Earth’s perpendicular magnetic and electric fields, as per the Minkowski-Feigel effect.