This is 556,928, A = 655.21, B = 850, h = 106, publications from 1920 to 1988, a total of sixty eight years of continuous publication. His total number of citations is 78,252, of which 68,797 occur in the 105 h index papers, so his A = 68,797/105 = 655.21. The citations are dominated completely by one book, “The Nature of the Chemical Bond”, cited 23,766 times. Chemistry Nobel Prize 1954, Peace Nobel prize 1962. This compares with my A = 130.18, B = 1638, h = 39, E = 213,235 over forty two years of publication, plus scientometrics indicating tens of millions of readings. Pauling was a visitor to Sommerfeld’s group and one of the most eminent pioneers of quantum mechanics applied to chemistry. Pauling was forced to resign from Caltech because of his political views. He was a great (and not altogether healthy) influence on my Ph. D. supervisor Mansel Davies, who had a jar of ascorbic acid or Vitamin C on his desk, and a deflagrating spoon which he used to eat raw ascorbic acid. I thought that this was not real science, and much of Pauling’s later work is in my opinion pseudoscience. I think that virtually all of Hawking’s work and much of standard physics is pseudoscience. Nevertheless Pauling’s early work is still very influential. Pauling introduces the modern era in publication, where an output of a thousand or more papers and books (essentially by a large group) occurs quite often. My own output is currently 1,638, probably a world record. Added to that are nearly 23,000 blog postings, but I do not count those in calculating the E index. My analysis so far shows that the Hirsch h index has very little meaning, but the website scientometrics are accurate and most valuable for science history when carefully archived. They show the REAL influence of an individual scientist.
This is 55,200 from A = 251, B = 220, h = 49. I can find about 220 scientific papers on Google Scholar by Sommerfeld and co workers. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize 84 times from 1917 to 1951, seven of his students or assistants were Nobel Laureates: Pauli, Heisenberg, Debye, Bethe, Pauling, Rabi and von Laue. He was nominated many times by Max von Laue, Max Planck and Wilhelm Wien, also by Enrico Fermi in 1950. The nominations were blocked by only one physics member of the Nobel Prize Committee, Carl Wilhelm Oseen, who felt that Sommerfeld’s work was not fundamental enough! This makes little or no sense to me, showing that the Nobel Prize process is quite arbitrary. It is obvious that Sommerfeld made many major discoveries: the relativistic correction of the Bohr atom, and two quantum numbers are attributed to him. His students obviously built on his teaching. Sommerfeld was not very happy at all this, he felt he should have been awarded the 1923 Nobel prize after Bohr had been awarded one. In comparison my indices are E = 213,235, A = 130.18, B = 1638, h = 39 plus a vast impact by scientometrics. A Civil List Pension is higher in status than a Nobel Prize because the former is a State high honour, rarely awarded, and the Nobel Prize is an academic honour, although it dominates the public mind in an unhealthy way. For a scientist’s scientist, Sommerfeld is the most influential figure in what became known as the new quantum mechanics of the golden age of physics. Planck and Einstein are the most influential figures in the original quantum mechanics of about 1899 onwards, known as the old quantum mechanics. I am in the process of demolishing the standard physics which dominates the Nobel Prize scene, but I am told I have been nominated a few times. There is no reason to disbelieve this.
This is E = 9561, A = 107.43, B = 89, h = 28. I have been fascinated by Compton’s work since second year undergraduate, and with Horst Eckardt, have recently extended it in UFT158 ff., a hugely popular series of papers. He was born in Wooster Ohio and received the 1927 Nobel Prize for demonstrating at Princeton the wave particle dualism of de Broglie in electrons. He published about 89 papers, and was a prominent figure in the Manhattan project, overseeing Fermi. He became Chancellor of Washington University St. Louis.
According to a subjective choice of schemes the usual Zeeman effect is either shifted according to Eq. (1), with the classical linear momentum p0 regarded as a function, or split, as in Eq (29), using the expectation value of the classical kinetic energy in the H atom. The various splittings will be different from those computed in previous work, and they can all be computed and graphed for various lines of the H atom. So we reach a profound turning point in physics, the Dirac equation is not objective once the unphysical Dirac approximation (H0 = 0) is discarded. The next note will develop tha anomalous Zeeman effect, in which the spin quantum number is introduced in addition to the orbital angular momentum quantum number. The usual method of dealing with the anomalous Zeeman effect rests on another arbitrary choice of quantization as in Eq. (30).
These are to develop the main Zeeman term for the type one hamiltonian, in order to investigate the effect of using the rigorous Dirac equation on ESR and NMR. UFT333 dealt only with the spin orbit term of the type one hamiltonian.
There was a bronze plaque to Soddy in the EDCL, opposite the staircase which led up to a machine which dispensed tea and coffee, often tasting the same. I recall A. J. S. Williams, who was bald and who always wore a laboratory coat, tripping down the stairs and nutting the plaque, tea / coffee thrown all over it. EDCL was associated with the Nobel Laureate Soddy and two nominees, Sir John Thomas and myself. I am the only EDCL graduate to have been nominated for a Nobel Prize. The EDCL is supposed never to have existed so my nomination is kept very quiet. The plaque was taken up to the main campus when the EDCL was shut down and then vandalized. Not the best use of resources.
I noticed from the feedback that it is Thanksgiving time, so Happy Thanksgiving to Fellow U. S. citizens two or three days late. At IBM Kingston they shut down early for Thanksgiving and the refectory had a choice of everything provided it was turkey. In early October 1986 it was in the eighties in Kingston and by the end of the month it was snowing.
There were 2493 files downloaded from 380 reading sessions during the day, main spiders google, MSN and yahoo. Top ten items 1474, Collected ECE2 472, Collected scientometrics 425, F3(Sp) 318, Collected Evans / Morris 270(est), UFT88 216, Autobiography volumes one and two 195, Proofs that no torsion means no gravitation 174, Barddoniaeth / Collected poetry 172, Engineering Model 167, Eckardt / Lindstrom papers 141, Principles of ECE 82, Evans Equations 79, Self charging inverter 64, UFT311 46, CEFE 40, UFT321 33, Llais 27, Lindstrom Idaho lecture 26, UFT313 16, UFT314 17, UFT315 14, UFT316 16, UFT317 16, UFT318 37, UFT319 28, UFT320 21, UFT322 29, UFT323 17, UFT324 47, UFT325 27, UFT326 27, UFT327 18, UFT328 22, UFT329 28, UFT330 31, UFT331 32, UFT332 17, UFT333 3 to date in November 2015. cnsat.com.cn extensive; Troyes University of Technology France general; GlasOperator Corporation Netherlands general; Congressman Al Green Texas 9th Congressional District general; University of Edinburgh UFT139, 145, 147,155, Intense interest all sectors, updated usage file attached for November 2015.
This is 8,933, consisting of A = 49.63 and about 180 papers of all kinds (science, economics and social commentary), h index of 19. Again this gives little or no idea of his achievements. He gave the Nobel Lecture in 1922 on “The Origins and Conceptions of Isotopes” and published with the Nobel Laureates Ernest Rutherford and William Ramsay, showing that radioactivity is due to the transmutation of elements. He spent a year at the Edward Davies Chemical Laboratories at UCW Aberystwyth. He studied there for a year as a student aged 17 to 18 and worked with Rutherford at McGill in Canada. He went on to Merton College Oxford and became Dr. Lee’s Professor of Physical Chemistry at Oxford, a predecessor of my post doctoral supervisor there, Prof. Sir John Rowlinson. Rutherford, Ramsay and Soddy are my kind of scientists, making major discoveries with simple apparatus in the Edwardian era and later. I am sometime Ramsay Memorial Fellow of University College London, where Ramsay worked. Soddy did not produce much work at Oxford, contrary to expectation, so his early work was his best. He retired early after his wife died.
In this paper the class one hamiltonian will be developed for the anomalous Zeeman effect and ESR. Again the results depend on subjectivity. The usual Zeeman effect theory is developed in the limit gamma squared / (1 + gamma) goes to 1/2. This decline into subjectivity is what Paul Dirac was afraid of in his 1933 Nobel Prize Lecture (online and easily looked up).