Message from Armiger of Mawr: Cold Winter Warning

November 28, 2014

I have just been made aware by a fuel company, Flo Gas, that this winter may be the coldest on record. Remote authority has misgoverned Mawr so badly that it is completely unprepared for a cold winter. There is no gritting except for some bins, little street lighting, and the wind turbines will grind to a halt on windless days that accompany hard frost. The police stations in the area are not open to the public. The turbines will generate nothing while fatalities occur from cold, one very seven minutes for elderly people. The rest of the grid will be overloaded and this might result in power cuts. So I advocate coal fires using local anthracite that is clean burning. These will keep going when there is no electricity, and might make the difference between life and death from cold and damp. Those who have mindlessly destroyed the careful design of traditional houses will live in the coldest conditions of all. Coal fires are designed to warm stone walls in small rooms. There might be power cuts and the elderly and outlying farms will be trapped by snow drifts. There are no double yellow lines and cars are littered all over the pavements. So pedestrians are forced out on to narrow roads where speeding cars are uncontrolled by remote government. In icy conditions there is a high probability of a fatality by car accident. I have been told by remote authority that they will wait for a fatality to occur in Mawr before considering double yellow lines. I am just told that they have no money. The Community Council has been ignored repeatedly by an inert Councillor who has resigned, it also wants double yellow lines. With government like this who needs a disaster? There is no effective Government in Mawr so as Armiger I give fair warning.

Republican Government in Wales

November 28, 2014

Obvoiously as a descendant of the Princes and intellectual descendant of the Levellers (Republican Dissenters) I do not recognize remote Government that knows nothing about Wales and its language. The Princes were close to the People, and believe it or not, all spoke Welsh, right out to Hereford County and to the Severn. There are huge problems of unemployment, poverty, crime, alcohol and drug abuse, theft, violence and language and culture loss which are never addressed and never will be addressed by remote government. All they have ever told me as Armiger is that they have no money. The Parliamentary candidate for Gower was made aware of these problems by the Armiger of Mawr and surrounding areas and complete agreement reached on all issues, including the need to demolish turbines. Very rarely does Swansea County Council wander on to the remote mountains of Mawr, inhabited by woad covered, Welsh speaking savages interested in Cartan geometry. In other words I never saw a county councillor out on the mountain trying to stop biker crime or to stop horses fouling the roads and destroying an EEC protected ecology – Gelliwastad. In fact I have never seen a county councillor at all with the exception of the cranky Ioan Richard. These huge problems will not be solved by playing around with income tax, making minute adjustments. One thing is sure, income tax never goes down, same as council tax. In other words I favour a completely independent Welsh Republic in which everyone has a knowledge of the Welsh language, and in which there is no hostility towards the language. All you have to do is to speak Welsh, and find some crazy abuse very quickly from some of the most uncultured bigots in all Europe.

In a message dated 28/11/2014 03:38:39 GMT Standard Time, writes:

In Wales, too, assembly members want greater control over their affairs and already Stephen Crabb, the Welsh Secretary, is holding cross-party talks to discuss what this might entail.

Scotland ‘should set income tax’"
Scotland ‘should set income tax’ The Scottish Parliament should have the power to set income tax rates and bands, the body on strengthening devolution recommends.
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Corruption in the Standard Peer Review System

November 28, 2014

Naturally, this does not surprise me at all. The system has always been rigged in many ways, so has human society. Goodbye to all that as in Autobiography Volume Two above my court of arms. Jobs were rigged in the University of Wales, so merit was not a consideration. I slogged my way through the peer review system and had more peer reviews than a porcupine has needles, than prairie dogs on a prairie. Now I get peer reviewed millions of times all the time for many years, by a very interested readership that does not believe a word of the standard model and its peer review system. The venerable Vice Chancellor here has a vested interest, believe it or not. The power pyramid of his type of system is founded on keeping power within a small group of people. The higher up the pyramid you climb, the fewer the people, so at last you reach the top and can consult the resident deities all alone, Oh Isis and Osiris. No one can peer review you any more and the Vice Chancellor is Pharaoh.

Sent: 27/11/2014 23:35:15 GMT Standard Time
Subj: The Peer Review Scam

The Peer Review Scam: Why not review your own paper?

If you suffer from an uncontrollable urge to claim that peer review is a part of The Scientific Method (that’s you Matthew Bailes, Pro VC of Swinburne), the bad news just keeps on coming. Now, we can add the terms “Peer Review Rigging” to “Peer-review tampering”, and “Citation Rings”.

Not only do personal biases and self-serving interests mean good papers are slowed for years and rejected for inane reasons, but gibberish gets published, and in some fields most results can’t be replicated. Now we find (is anyone surprised?) that some authors are even reviewing their own work. It’s called Peer-Review-Rigging. When the editor asks for suggestions of reviewers, you provide pseudonyms and bogus emails. The editor sends the review to a gmail type address, you pick it up, and voila, you can pretend to be an independent reviewer.

One researcher, Hyung-In Moon, was doing this to review his own submissions. He was caught because he sent the reviews back in less than 24 hours. Presumably if he’d waiting a week, no one would have noticed.

Nature reports: “THE PEER-REVIEW SCAM”

Authors: Cat Ferguson, Adam Marcus and Ivan Oransky are the staff writer and two co-founders, respectively, of Retraction Watch in New York City.

Moon’s was not an isolated case. In the past 2 years, journals have been forced to retract more than 110 papers in at least 6 instances of peer-review rigging. What all these cases had in common was that researchers exploited vulnerabilities in the publishers’ computerized systems to dupe editors into accepting manuscripts, often by doing their own reviews. The cases involved publishing behemoths Elsevier, Springer, Taylor & Francis, SAGE and Wiley, as well as Informa, and they exploited security flaws that — in at least one of the systems — could make researchers vulnerable to even more serious identity theft. “For a piece of software that’s used by hundreds of thousands of academics worldwide, it really is appalling,” says Mark Dingemanse, a linguist at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen,

Even Moon himself thinks the editors should “police the system against people like him”.

“editors are supposed to check they are not from the same institution or co-authors on previous papers.”

That would rule out half the publications in the climate science world.

The worst case involved 130 papers:

….a case that came to light in May 2013, when Ali Nayfeh, then editor-in-chief of the Journal of Vibration
and Control, received some troubling news. An author who had submitted a paper to the journal told Nayfeh that he had received e-mails about it from two people claiming to direct contact with authors, and — strangely —the e-mails came from generic-looking Gmail accounts rather than from the professional institutional accounts that many academics use (see ‘Red flags in review’). Nayfeh alerted SAGE, the company in Thousand Oaks, California, that publishes the journal. The editors there e-mailed both the Gmail addresses provided by the tipster, and the institutional addresses of the authors whose names had been used, asking for proof of identity and a list of their publications. One scientist responded — to say that not only had he not sent the e-mail, but he did not even work in the field.

This sparked a 14-month investigation that came to involve about 20 people from SAGE’s editorial, legal and production departments. It showed that the Gmail addresses were each linked to accounts with Thomson Reuters’ ScholarOne, a publication-management system used by SAGE and several other publishers, including Informa. Editors were able to track every paper that the person or people behind these accounts had allegedly written or reviewed, says SAGE spokesperson Camille Gamboa. They also checked the wording of reviews, the details of author-nominated reviewers, reference lists and the turnaround time for reviews (in some cases, only a few minutes). This helped the investigators to ferret out further suspicious-looking accounts; they eventually found 130. As they worked through the list, SAGE investigators realized that authors were both reviewing and citing each other at an anomalous rate. Eventually, 60 articles were found to have evidence of peer-review tampering, involvement in the citation ring or both.

Those 60 papers were retracted.

Nature, of course, is happy to air problems that mostly apply to its competitors. When will Nature admit that namecalling, and failures of logic and reason are every bit as damaging to science as rank corruption?

Ht to Willie.


Checking Note 279(7), Photon Mass Calculation

November 28, 2014

Many thanks again, the units of x in Eq. (10) are energy divided by h bar = inverse seconds so that is the correct factor to use in Eqs. (16) onwards. In Eqs. (14) and (15) the units are also correct, mc / h bar = kgm m / s /(kgm (m / s) squared seconds) = inverse metres, the unit of kappa. So your computations are again very interesting and correct, as long as the x is defined as (m c squared) / h bar. They give the photon mass from ordinary reflection and refraction. This means that the Higgs boson does not exist, no need any more for CERN, all one has to do is look at one’s reflection in a mirror. J. H. van Vleck was doing this when shaving early one morning, just as the sun was rising, at the Gordon Conference in 1976 at Holderness School, New Hampshire. He said “It’s awfully early isn’t it?”. I was a scruffy apparition who had just done my training on the American football pitch. From jet lag I had no idea what the time was.

Sent: 27/11/2014 16:08:06 GMT Standard Time
Subj: Re: 279(7): Photon Mass from the Evans / Morris Effects

The definitions of x in eqs.(10) and (14,15) differ by a factor of c^2. Using

x = (m c / hbar) ^2

gives the result computer by computer. The last expression is that for the mass, both are quite complicated.

Horst hat am 27. November 2014 um 14:24 geschrieben:

This note gives a simple one photon theory in which the photon mass is given by Eq. (23) in terms of the incoming and refracted frequencies and the angle between the incoming and refracted beams. This note can be checked by computer algebra and the quantitative frequency shifts sent over a few days ago used to calculate the photon mass, given the angle of refraction. The next step is to incorporate photon mass in to the Planck distribution in an n photon monochromatic beam.


Computations by Horst Eckardt for UFT279

November 28, 2014

Many thanks full of interest! As Horst indicates, these numerical results could be tested experimentally using a device to measure the frequency. Perhaps this could be done by Den Davies in glass.

1) In general the complex refractive index of note 279(5), Eq. (40) must be used in Eq. (39). However, this is an equation for the real valued left hand side, so the real part of the square of the complex refractive index is the relevant part:

Real (n squared) = n’ squared – n” squared

= eps’ sub r

from Eq. (8) of Note 278(4). Here epsilon’ sub r is the relative permittivity of the medium in which the refraction takes place (e.g. glass or water). The relative permittivity in general is a spectrum, it goes through a dispersion at every absorption peak of any spectrum, for example a visible frequency spectrum. When there is no dielectric loss, it is a constant.

2) The angle of refraction may be calculated from Snell’s experimental Law, Eq. (21) of Note 279(5):

sin theta = n sub 1 sin theta sub 1

where theta is the incident angle, theta sub 1 is the angle of refraction and n sub 1 is the real part of the refractive index of the refracting medium. The real part of the refractive index is given by eq. (12) of note 278(4):

(real n sub 1) squared = (eps’ sub r + (eps’ sub r squared + eps” sub r squared) power half) / 2

where eps’ sub r is the relative dielectric permittivity and eps” is the relative dielectric loss of the refracting medium. In general these are both spectra. The power absorption coefficent in neper wavenumbers is

alpha = omega eps” sub r / (c eps’ sub r)

A theory or experimental spectrum is needed to find the dielectric dispersion and loss, and then the refractive index. In a simple case the refractive index may be taken to be a constant, the ordinary refractive index of water or glass in the visible range.

Sent: 27/11/2014 15:22:11 GMT Standard Time
Subj: Dispersion curves

I evaluated the results for refracted and reflected frequencies graphically. there is a clear “dispersion” of frequency with the incident angle theta. The second solotution is the physical one in both cases, see figures.The refracted frequency goes to zero for theta to pi/2. This should be experimentally verifyable by glass for example, where there is nearly no absorption.

I was surprised that the sum of refracted and reflected frequency does not give the frequency of the incident light (assumed: 1.e15 Hz). However, we have to use the formula with temperature effects as eq.(4) in note 279(6) for the linear approximation. Although the statistics terms are nearly unity, they introduce a quadratic dependence on omega which probably gives the effect. Then the original omega comes out nearly exactly as shown in the third graph.

How can we proceed with a complex refraction index? There are some questions:

- Do we insert the real parts of n1 and n1 squared in eq.(39) of note 279(5)?

- How do we compute the angle of refraction from Snell’s law? Do we also use the real part of n1 here?

Horst hat am 27. November 2014 um 14:24 geschrieben:

This note gives a simple one photon theory in which the photon mass is given by Eq. (23) in terms of the incoming and refracted frequencies and the angle between the incoming and refracted beams. This note can be checked by computer algebra and the quantitative frequency shifts sent over a few days ago used to calculate the photon mass, given the angle of refraction. The next step is to incorporate photon mass in to the Planck distribution in an n photon monochromatic beam.

Daily Report 26/11/14

November 28, 2014

There were 2,337 files downloaded (“hits”) from 474 reading sessions or distinct visits during the day, main spiders baidu, google, MSN, yandex and yahoo. Auto1 703, Auto2 94, UFT145 615, F3(Sp) 374, Book of Scientometrics 149, UFT88 116, Englynion 89, CEFE 56, Engineering Model 54, Llais 47, Evans Equations 58 numerous (Spanish), Auto Sonnets 17, Principles of ECE (unfinished draft) 14 to date in November 2014. Engineering Carleton University Canada LCR Resonant; Swiss Federal Institute (ETH) Zurich UFT175; French Atomic and Alternative Energy Commission Diplomatic Reply to ‘t Hooft by Gareth Evans; University of Lille 1 UFT42; University of Poitiers general; University of St. Etienne UFT43; Free University of Amsterdam AIAS Staff, FAQ, B3 Field, Obsolete Concepts of the Standard Model, Five Definitive Proofs; Academ Organization Russian Federation Family History; Russian Academy of Sciences Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics Moscow Region UFT10; Vologda Region Russia general; University of Durham UFT216. Intense interest all sectors, updated usage file attached for November 2014.

Usage Statistics for

Summary Period: November 2014 – URL
Generated 27-Nov-2014 12:00 EST

279(7): Photon Mass from the Evans / Morris Effects

November 27, 2014

This note gives a simple one photon theory in which the photon mass is given by Eq. (23) in terms of the incoming and refracted frequencies and the angle between the incoming and refracted beams. This note can be checked by computer algebra and the quantitative frequency shifts sent over a few days ago used to calculate the photon mass, given the angle of refraction. The next step is to incorporate photon mass in to the Planck distribution in an n photon monochromatic beam.


Ideas for Broadcasts

November 27, 2014

BBC Radio Wales,

Some time ago Radio Cymru expressed an interest in a “Desert Island Disks” type program and asked me to choose some music for the programme. I replied on 8th May 2009 as on my blog posting of that date on If the idea is still of interest I would like to choose

1) Mary Hopkin, unaccompanied, “Bugeilo’r Gwenith Gwyn” (Wil Hopcyn Llangynwyd / Iolo Morganwg).
2) “‘R wy’n caru merch o Blwyf Llangorwen”.
3) “Mae’r Gwanwyn wedi dod”.
4) Robert MacKillop, lute, “The Laird of Aboin’s Aire” (Balcarres Lute Book of 1695).
5) Johann Sebastian Bach, Well Tempered Clavier 1 in C Major, BWV 846, Sviatoslaw Richter.
6) Ludwig van Beethoven, Piano Sonata 32, Opus 111, in C sharp Minor, Opening of First Movement, Sviatoslaw Richter.
7) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, opening of the slow movement of the piano concerto number 20 in D Minor, Sviatoslaw Richter.

I wonder if Radio Wales and Radio Cymru have an interest in such a programme? I would also like to propose a broadcast by Robert Cheshire of Audio Books of my autobiography volumes one and two on the home page of and possibly some of his essay broadcasts and his poetry readings of my poetry. These are getting to be very popular off I am also interested in a broadcast for Radio Cymru of some of my Welsh language poetry, which is read out on As you see I am also interested in a proposal for a film, outlined below, and I think that Robert Cheshire would make an excellent narrator.

Myron Evans

Sent: 27/11/2014 09:38:02 GMT Standard Time
Subj: Syniad am Ffilm / Idea for a Film

Anfonaf syniad am ffilm. Diolch yn fawr

Dr. Myron Evans, 50 Heol Rhyddwen, Craig Cefn Parc, Abertawe, SA6 5RA

01792 446088

Syniad am Ffilm / Idea for a Film

Ffilm Cymru / Wales
S4C Media Centre,
Parc Ty Glas,
Caerdydd CF14 5DU,

Tel. 02920 766931

Annwyl Gyfeillion
Oes na unrhyw ddiddordeb gennych i wnedu ffilm allan o’m hunangofiant ar drosben f’arfau ar y tudalen flaen? Roedd y teulu i gyd yn siarad tafodiaith Cwm Tawe (iaith y Seisyllwyr). Rhyw amser yn nol roedd diddordeb gan BBC Radio Cymru i wneud rhaglen “Desert Island Disks” gyda mi yn yr iaith Gymraeg. Bydde Robert Cheshire yn ardderchog yn y film yn yr iaith Saesneg ond mae eisiau rhyw un sy’n medru araethi y barddoniaeth Cymraeg yn yr Hunangofiant: englynion ac yn y blaen. Mae llawer o ddiddordeb dros y byd eang yn yr hunangofiant. Gallaf gweld y diddordeb yn glir, a mae’r manylion i gyd ar y dyddiadur (diary neu blog) ar www.aias,us. Ar hyn o bryd mae’r diddordeb yn y blog yn ymestyn dros y byd i gyd (cant saith deg ac un o wledydd), a gyda’r wefan yn holl wledydd y byd (cant a naw deg o wledydd). Mae Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru wedi bod yn garedig iawn ac mae’r wefan yn Archifau Gwledydd Prydain (


Myron Evans, Bonheddwr Mawr, Glyn Eithrym, Cwm Tawe.
Yn disgyn o’r Tywysog Tewdwr Mawr ap Cadell, Ty^ Brenhinol Dunefor.

Dear Colleagues,
Have you any interest in making a film out of my autobiography, volumes one and two, above my coat of arms on the home page of In the family we always spoke the six thousand year old Silurian dialect of British Celtic. Some time ago there was interest from BBC Radio Cymru in producing with me a Desert Island Disks type programme and I selected the music. So that is all ready to go, and could perhaps be taken up by S4C or by Radio Cymru or in English by BBC Radio Wales. Robert Cheshire (described below) would be excellent as a narrator or producer for the film in the English langugae, but there is a need for a narrator to do justice to the poetry in Welsh in the first volume. I have broadcast the Welsh language poety myself on, with the kind help of Simon Clifford, but not in the bardic style whch brings the cynghanedd vividly to life. Dylan Thomas used this bardic style in English from Alexandria Road in Swansea, so did Richard Burton at the Old Vic. It is interesting that S4C recently made a programme about Richard Burton in Welsh. At present there is interst in the blog from one hundred and seventy one countries, and combined with the site there is interest from all one hundred and ninety countries of the world. So they are studying cynghanedd in China for example. The National Library of Wales has very kindly archived the site in the Digital Archives of the Countries of Britain on

Cordially Yours,

Myron Evans,
Armiger of Mawr, Swansea Valley
Descendant of Prince Tewdwr Mawr ap Cadell, Royal House of Dynevor

(Dr M. W. Evans, Gent., Civil List Pensioner, Armiger of Mawr (Member of teh Gentry), D. Sc., Ph. D., B. Sc. (Wales))
Alpha Institute for Advanced Studies

Sent: 23/11/2014 07:47:53 GMT Standard Time
Subj: FOR POSTING: Essay Broadcasts 105-107

Many thanks again to Robert Cheshire! These are of highest professional quality as usual and wordperfect. Robert Cheshire has also written and broadcast two items, one on Nicola Tesla, and shows that all contemporary power and grid systems are due to Tesla. This is the long essay “Nicola Who?” broadcast on He was also the narrator of “The Universe of Myron Evans”. There is a great deal of interest in my Autobiography to date and I will hunt around for possibilities of Robert Cheshire directing and / or producing a film version, paid at the going rates of course. I discussed this some time ago with Keith Potter at the Welsh Film Agency. Robert Cheshire has also broadcast all my poetry, and is currently making an audio book out of the autobiography, volumes one and two. If the BBC for example broadcasted this audio book Robert Cheshire could earn some very well deserved royalty. His standards are on par with a leading actor such as Sir Derek Jacobi, who has made audio books for the BBC of Conan-Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes stories. Robert Cheshire has his own studio and produces sound quality as good as any BBC studio. I have done a few programmes for the BBC, S4C (in Welsh), and so on and did an interview recently on the Rense Programme from California. Keith Potter mentioned that there had been some film work on Einstein, but that concentrated entirely on his semi-mythical and purely platonic discussions with that great relativist Marilyn Monroe. I am joking of course. In historical fact Marilyn Monroe was an intelligent lady who was used and came to a tragic end. So what is needed is a film script to be narrated by Robert Cheshire. Volumes One and Two of the Autobiography are available open source above my coat of arms on the home page of Keith Potter at the Welsh Film Agency suggested a documentary rather than a film. I will forward this note to the Rense Organization in California. I am therefore greatly indebted to Robert Cheshire, who deserves a good broadcasting contract, paid at the usual rates. No doubt Jacobi’s fees are very high.

cc Keith Potter, Welsh Film Agency

Sent: 22/11/2014 18:24:02 GMT Standard Time
Subj: Essays 105-107 mp3’s for proofing

Dear Myron,

Please find attached mp3’s of Essays 105-107 for pre-post proofing.

Best regards,



Visits from BBC

November 27, 2014

The BBC visits quite often, there was a visit from them yesterday. Of course Robert Cheshire could broadcast from a Liverpool studio. Alexandra Road is the studio used by Dylan Thomas, and Steve Dewitt works from there. I should think that it all depends on the film script for a film or documentary, but I should think that there would be a lot of BBC interest in the audio books of Auto One and Two. Auto One has been read off the site about ten thousand times in three years or so. I should think that the BBC might also broadcast the essays narrated by Robert Cheshire, and some of his readings of my poetry. The latter is getting to be popular, in both languages. I should think that the Film Agency in Cardiff are always looking for ideas, especially from Welsh speakers. There is also a Welsh Books Council and so on. It is a matter of making a formal proposal to the BBC and to the Welsh Film Agency. I made an informal proposal two or three days ago and will forward it to Rense to see if he has any contacts in the film industry in California. I am getting a bit fed up by the crass rubbish put out by the standard modellers who hog all the limelight.

Y Wladfa Patagonia

November 27, 2014

Many thanks to Alex Hill for this! They sometimes speak a purer form of Welsh now in Patagonia than in Wales because of the isolation of Patagonia. My cousin Gareth Hopkin recently went out to Patagonia to teach in Welsh. It is very nice of the Argentine Government to make this film. Trevelin is Tre Felin, the village of the mill. The village next to us is Felindre – Felin Dre – the same with mutation from t to d. In Galicia and Portugal there are are many words of Iberian Celtic origin. They are listed on the web and I easily understand them. In Patagonia and in Pennsylvania they speak Welsh (Brythonic Celtic), Gaelic is Irish, more or less, (Goidelic Celtic). There is a p to c transformation, so Pen in Welsh goes to Ceann in Irish, meaning “head”. The Brythonic Celtic languages are Welsh, Cornish and Breton. The Goidelic Celtic languages are Irish, Gaelic and Manx. Then in Spain and Portugal there are Iberian Celtic words, and in France, Gaulish Celtic words. In Switzerland there are some Helvetian Celtic words that I easily recognized. Welsh is under tremendous pressure, but we are fighting back with secondary school education in Welsh. It is the same for all small languages. Galicia was called “Third Britain”. Brittany was “Second Britain”. Welsh and Gaelic are now official languages of Great Britain. In around 400 BC the Celtic group of languages stretched from Ireland to Galatia in modern Turkey (St. Paul’s letter to the Galatians). UNESCO has warned several times about the imminent extinction of Welsh as a spoken language, so much more effort than at present is needed to protect it. This is why I am in favour of Broydd Iaith or Gealtacht areas in Irish. I agree that Spain and Portugal (Iberia) have a rich pattern of individual languages and cultures, all of which must also be protected.

Sent: 26/11/2014 22:09:53 GMT Standard Time
Subj: 150th anniversary

Today I received an email from my cousin, who lives in Patagonia, and who tells me that 2014 is the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first Welsh settlers to Patagonia. He also included a link (below) of a short documentary filmed for the Argentine TV, so it is in Spanish) about the descendants of those Welsh, who live in several villages very close to the Andes mountains, in the northwest of Patagonia. This village in particular is called Trevelin, which in Spanish is pronounced the same but with the accent on the “i”, Trevelín.

You always mention that in Wales the gaelic language is being forgotten and lost. Well, in this film you can see a small school where children learn the language and its songs, while young people still learn their traditional dances. The chubby guy who welcomes the film party to his house mentions that his parents were Welsh, and that when he was old enough to go to school he spoke no Spanish, only Gaelic. Other play the Welsh harp, accordeon, etc.

Choir singing has always been very popular in all of Patagonia, and in Welsh communities many of their songs are those brought by the original settlers, although most of the present-day locals speak Gaelic, English and Spanish (which in Argentina is usually called “castellano” , Castillan from the Spanish region of Castille in Spain) since there is no such thing as a Spanish language, because each region in Spain speaks its own language or dialect. In the rest of Latin America, however, they call this language Español, Spanish. By the way, one of the ladies interviewed in the film is called Evans, while an interviewed man is called Ellis Williams, like your cousin. I hope you enjoy it.



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