Normans and Flemings in Gower

October 23, 2014

Many thanks, these are Normans and Flemings. The DNA shows that there were never Saxons, more likely the ancient invadors were Jutes and Ingles from Denmark, Friesians and so on. The DNA shows that they were always a small minority, but a military force. Although many of my ancestors were Norman they quickly became Welsh speaking and staunch defenders of the Welsh language and culture like the Aubrey, Havard and Gunter Families, all old families of Wales. The Norman settlements were frequently burned or recaptured by the Welsh Princes, also my ancestors of course, and their castles taken and reduced to rubble or burned. The same problem occurred in Penfro – they called it “Pembroke”. They were heavily defeated at Hyddgen by Owain Glyndw^r, who destroyed many of their castles. They were typical colonists, and because of their hostile and aloof attitudes, remained isolated from the rest of what they called “Wales”, in fact Britain. The people of Wales are the strongest and most able defenders of the British Celtic language. The Normans were finally defeated by my ancestral cousins the Tudors at Bosworth, and the Tudor dragon rouge rampant (Welsh Dragon), now flies over all their castles. This is what happens when a small but spirited and courageous Nation is invaded. All military invasions are now illegal. The British called these invaders “Saeson” or “Sasenach” and fought them to a standstill for several hundred years. The invadors were obviously people closest to Britain,and modern Saxony is a long way away. So they were not Saxons and the DNA shows it. The fault lies with another invador, the Roman Empire, which left Britain without a defence. It was improvised by Princes like the fifth century Owain Ddantgwyn Arth of Powys (the modern midlands) and he was King Arthur. The Normans were fought for another four hundred years (1093 – 1485). So now Wales should take its freedom as an independent Republic and be proud of itself and its language, it was never defeated and we are not strangers (wealas) in our own country.

To: emyrone@aol.com
Sent: 22/10/2014 23:35:45 GMT Daylight Time
Subj: The Origins of the Gower and Mumbles Dialect by Carol Powell M.A.

Many years ago, South and West Gower including the Parish of Oystermouth became English-speaking communities isolated on a corner of Welsh Wales. Within thirty years of the Battle of Hastings, the Normans had commenced their infiltration into the more fertile areas of Gwŷr (and the southern areas of Pembrokeshire and Glamorganshire) gradually organizing it into the Marcher Lordship of Gower with twelve manors under feudal tenure and pushing many of the native Welsh northwards and eastwards, onto less fertile ground and into what became known as Gower Wallicana, (although admittedly the boundaries could be hazy in places).

Today, this division can still be noticed in the difference in place names, most being English e.g. Reynoldston (one exception being Pwll Du) in the Anglicana south, Llanrhidian (an exception being Three Crosses) to the north and by a ‘no-man’s land’ of open commonlands in between. W.Ll. Morgan believed that ‘it was only an influx of a large number of English that could have obliterated the Welsh place names . . . so completely’.

Norman retainers in Gower (and others of Flanders descent) were believed to have come from Somerset where Saxons and Danes ‘had already been joined in one common nation and language’ but once here, according to Horatio Tucker, in Gower III, 1950, ‘separation from the parent speech, resulted in characteristics peculiar to the locality’ with the Mumbles dialect subtly differing from that further along into Gower.

Parts of Mumbles even had their own distinct dialect names—those living in Southend were Outalong, those at Oystermouth were Inalong; those at Castleton were Upalong and those at Langland lived Down backside. The word, Slæd, meaning a valley or boundary was common in the area, often preceded by words such as ‘Broad’, ‘Lime’ or ‘Rother’; Lake meant a stream rather than a pond and Pill was a stream. The words Thee and thou were much in evidence, admirably illustrated in the Lifeboatmen’s maxim Drown thee may, but go thee must and phrases such as Whist been, Boy?; I oost if I cast, but I cassen’t; Whess from, Boy? and How art, little maid? would have been be heard around the village. There were also dialect names for Gower dishes such as dowset and white pot, (milked meats), which had originated as far back as the fourteenth century; pumpkin pie and tin meats, which were peculiar to Gower and others given local names such as Flathins, Gerthbra, Washbra and Bonny Clobby.

The division of predominantly English-speaking south Gowerians and Welsh-speakers to the north remained largely unchanged until the 19th century. Indeed, it was said that one could tell a native of south Gower from one to the north by his / her appearance, a phenomenon noticed by George Borrow during his visit to the southernmost parts of Swansea in the 1850s—Whether I was in Wales or not, I was no longer amongst Welsh. They were taller and bulkier than the Cambrians and were speaking a dissonant English jargon. The women had much the appearance of Dutch fisherwomen . . . ‘Why don’t you speak Welsh?’ said I. ‘Because we never learnt it. We are not Welsh.’ ‘Who are you then?’ ‘English; some call us Flamings’.

Then, with the passage of time, the influx of people from other areas, the advent of universal and compulsory English-speaking education in the schools and the union of Parishes, the communities began to blend. .

Mapsant Day and Phil Tanner, the Gower Nightingale

October 23, 2014

Very interesting again, the Welsh, Flemish, and Viking elements are clear here. Languages and dialects are under pressure all over Europe and it looks as if there is a lot of work being done to preserve them.

To: emyrone@aol.com
Sent: 22/10/2014 23:19:07 GMT Daylight Time
Subj: Mapsant Day and Phil Tanner, the Gower Nightingale

Gwyl Mabsant (referred to colloquially as Mapsant Day from the Welsh words “sant” – holy, and “mab” – son) is the feast day of Saint Cenydd, celebrated at Llangennith, Gower on 5th July.
Recent years have seen a revival of the traditional way the festival was marked up until the early twentieth century, by displaying an effigy of a bird from a pole on the church tower. The said bird, as legend goes, symbolises the legendary seagulls, who saved the cripple Cenydd after he had been cast out to sea as a consequence of being born of an incestuous relationship at the court of King Arthur at Loughor. Apparently, the seagulls (along with a couple of angels and a miraculous breast-shaped bell known locally as the “titty-bell”) also cared for Cenydd during his youth spent on Worm’s Head, and ensured that he survived and was educated as a Christian.
Lighting a huge bonfire, people from all over Gower would gather to dance around its flames, singing and dancing and drinking ‘white pot’ – a local drink of flour, milk, currants and other ingredients boiled together in commemoration of the milk that nurtured St. Cennydd from his ‘titty bell’.
St Cennydd was a sanctified Christian hermit, called by God to set up a church on Burry Holms (the tidal island at the northern end of Rhossili Bay) and also founded the church of Llangennith.
The “Gower Nightingale,” Phil Tanner, the famed singer who spent many an hour outside the King’s Head public house practicing his art, is buried in the churchyard as well as St. Cennydd himself, whose remains are believed to lay somewhere beneath the church foundations.

Phil Tanner. The Last Gower Folk Singer

These are extracts from a talk given by J. Mansel Thomas in the BBC Welsh Home Service in 1962

A few days after his 88th birthday Phil Tanner died suddenly in his sleep. It was just like him to do something unexpected. His whole cheerful life long he had sung to the people of Gower and had become something of a phenomenon.

The speech of Gower is a dialect of English and although he never left Wales in his life, old Phil had a repertoire of English folksongs and ballads that really seem inexhaustible.”I couldn’t go to bed without a song, boy”, he said to me once. And if you visited the quiet village of Llangennith, say before the war, you would be pretty certain to hear Phil’s voice, singing as he was doing a bit of hedging and ditching, or leaning on a stile, or sitting with his pipe at the door of his tiny white-washed cottage perched between the wind-swept sand dunes and the bracken covered hill or, more often, singing in the bar of the pub and the bigger the audience the better.

He was a true folk singer. He learned his songs from his father and his grandfather and any journeyman weaver who would call at his father’s mill. He never put a word or note down on paper. And he sang a song to tell a tale, not to display his talent.

Even as an old man he was an impressive sight, in his homespun suit turning green with age. He was erect and dignified, over six foot, handsome grey bearded, with contented cheeks, a straight nose and a forehead almost unlined.

If he was asked “to take a corner'”he would begin a little ritual. He would look carefully round his audience, clear his throat, hum the key, tilt his head back a little, then he was off, lost in the changing moods of the words.

He would sing through the perhaps 15 verses with quiet control and artistry. And excellent diction, even when he had lost every tooth in his head. Then, when he came to the end of the song, he would repeat the last few words. Or the title. This was an ancient habit of folksingers, so I found out later. It was a charm to stop anyone stealing their song.

Phil Tanner enriched life for his fellow parishioners, though he wouldn’t always admit it. He refused to conform. He preferred singing to working.

But quite unexpectedly, when he was 86 years of age, Phil Tanner became famous. By then he was in an old people’s home, with a ready-made audience and a matron to wash his beard. Through the “Gower Society” he was ‘discovered’ by the BBC. W.R.Owen could tell of the time he went down to Gower to supervise the recording of his songs. But both W.R. and his stock of discs were exhausted before old Phil had half finished.

This brief blaze of glory brought him in a few pounds and made him richer than he had ever been in his life.I’m putting this by for a decent burial’,he used to say. But he needn’t have bothered. I remember his funeral. He’d have chuckled if he had been there to see it. Ministers of religion, councillors, university scholars, admirers from as far away as London, had come to salute the passing of a unique character, the last link with the colourful self-reliant past of Gower. And fair play to them, his fellow parishioners turned out to a man. That was 12 years ago. But in this corner of Wales at least Phil Tanner, that twinkling old artist, will never be forgotten.

(A CD ‘ The Gower Nightingale’ is now available and many Phil Tanner recordings on youtube)

Vivieenne
Sent using BlackBerry® from Orange

GOWER DIALECT

October 23, 2014

Many thanks, this looks like a mixture of Welsh and a kind of old English maybe with some Flemish mixed with more modern English. I recognize gambo – we used the same word on the farms here, and also carthen, pen tan and mapsant (mab sant) are Welsh. Very interesting!

To: emyrone@aol.com
Sent: 22/10/2014 22:24:05 GMT Daylight Time
Subj: GOWER DIALECT

Hello Myron. Below is an article 
“Research will log Gower’s unique words” By South Wales Evening Post Posted: August 02, 2011

…………………………………………………ARE you a Gower umman with a snazzy gambo and a penchant for soul?

Are you a child who likes to scrabble and enjoys watching the blonkers on Bonfire Night?

If this makes sense to you then clearly you’re au fait with the Gower dialect.

However, not many are.

But that could change thanks to a project to create a dictionary to record the peninsula’s dialect.

The project is one of several planned for Gower, subject to £1.3 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF).

A group of 21 local organisations have been given a smaller sum by HLF — £19,800 — to develop plans to conserve natural and manmade features of the landscape, Britain’s first ever area of outstanding natural beauty.

The plans include researching and collecting people’s memories of Gower, plus the Gower dictionary.

Roy Church, trustee at the Gower Heritage Centre, Parkmill, said the dialect came into being when South Gower became populated by people from north Somerset and Devon, with a Flemish influence thrown in the mix.

“There are still people who speak it, but probably don’t know that they do,” he said. “It’s hard to find anyone who speaks using the dialect in full.”

The further west you went in Gower, he said, the more likely you might hear words among farming families like umman (woman), soul (cheese or butter), gambo (cart or car), scrabble (to pick things) and blonker (spark).

Peninsular Gower was geographically insulated from ‘mainland’ modern language influences until well into the twentieth century. A number of words and pronunciations were recorded during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as distinct usages in Gower – many of which might once have been widespread but which had fallen out of use in the developing standard English. A few of the Gower words seem to derive from the Welsh language (e.g. ‘pentan’), but many more of the words and usages are cognate with English country dialects including those of South Devon, Somerset and Wiltshire.[1]

Also Myron, below is a glossary of some Gower words from Wikipedia..

Angletouch – a worm

Back – iron plate, part of a dredge

Beader/bidder – person appointed to summon guests to a Gower wedding

Bellamine – unglazed brown earthenware pitcher

Bett – prepared turf used for hedging

Blonkers – sparks

Bossey – a calf still running with its mother

Bubback – scarecrow ; dull person

Bumbagus – the bittern (cf Welsh aderyn y bwn)

Butt – a small cart

Caffle – tangle

Carthen – winnowing sheet

Casn’t – cannot

Cassaddle – harness piece for a draught horse

Cavey – humble

Charnel – box-like space above the fireplace, often used for hanging bacon

Clavvy/ Clevvy – large oak beam supporting the inner wall of a chimney

Clever – fine (adj)

Cliffage – tithe on quarried lime stone, payable to the Lord of the Manor

Cloam – earthenware

Cratch – haystack

Culm – small coal used in lime-burning

Cust – could

Cuzzening – coaxing

Dab – a large stone used in playing duckstone

Deal – a litter (of pigs)

Dobbin – large mug

Dowset – Gower dish, similar to ‘whitepot’ (below)

Drangway – narrow lane or alleyway

Drashel – a flail

Dree – three

Dreppance – three pence

Drow – throw

Dryth – dryness

Dumbledarry – cockchafer

Evil – a three pronged dung-fork

Frawst / froist – a dainty meal (n); frightened/astonished (adj)

Gake – yawn

Galeeny – guinea-fowl

Gambo – a cart; wagon

Glaster – buttermilk in the churn

Gloice – a sharp pang of pain

Gurgins – coarse flour

Gwain – going

Hambrack/hamrach – a straw horse-collar (cf ‘rach’)

Herring-gutted – lean, skinny

Holmes – holly

Inklemaker – busy person

Ipson – the quantity that can be held in a pair of cupped hands

Ite – yet

Jalap – liniment; laxative tonic

Jorum – large helping of tea or beer

Keek – to peep

Keelage – foreshore berthing fee due to the Lord of the Manor

Keeve – large barrel or vat

Kerning – ripening; turning sour

Kersey – cloth woven from fine wool

Kittlebegs / kittybags – gaiters

Kyling – sea fishing

Lake – small stream or brook

Lancher / lansher – greensward between holdings in a common field or ‘viel’

Leery – empty

Lello – a fool; a carefree lad

Makth – makes

Mapsant – local saint’s feast day celebrations (from Welsh ‘mab’ – son; ‘sant’ (holy)

Mawn – large wicker basket for animal feed

Melted – broken up, disintegrated

Mort – pigfat; lard

Mucka – a rickyard

Neargar, fargar – nearer, farther

Nestletrip / nesseltrip – smallest pig in a litter

Nice – fastidious

Nipparty / Noppit – perky

Nummit / nommit – a simple lunch, e.g. of bread and ‘soul’, as might be sent to harvesters in the field (? ‘noon meat’?)

Oakey – greased

Oakwib – cockchafer

Owlers – wool smugglers

Pentan – hob (from Welsh ‘pen’ – head or top, ‘tan’ – fire)

Pill – stream

Pilmy – dusty

Planche – to make a board floor (cf French ‘plancher’ – a wooden floor)

Purty – to turn sulky

Quapp – to throb

Quat – to press or flatten

Raal – real

Rach – the last sheaf of corn to be harvested (see also ‘hamrach’)

Reremouse – the bat (animal)

Resiant – resident, particulazrly a person resident in the area but not having a feudal tenancy

Riff – short wooden stick for sharpening a scythe

Rining – mooching; scrounging

Rying – fishing

Scrabble – to gather up objects hastily

Shoat – a small wheaten loaf

Shrid – to trim a hedge

Slade – land sloping towards the sea

Soul – cheese or butter, as eaten with bread

Spleet – (1) a knitting needle (2) a quarryman’s bar

Starved – perished with cold

Stiping – hobbling a sheep by tying its head to its foreleg with a band of straw

Tacker – a youngster

Tite – to overturn

Towser – a rough apron

Uddent – wouldn’t

Umman – woman

Vair – a stoat or weasel

Vather – father

Vella – fellow

Viel/Vile – a field. The name is still used to describe a commonly managed field at Rhossili on Gower, which is farmed in a mediaeval strip field arrangement

Vitte – clever or smart

Vorrit – forehead

V’rall – for all

Vurriner – foreigner

Want – a mole (animal)

Weest – dismal

Whirret – a slap

Whitepot – a Gower delicacy of flour, milk & currants baked (cf Devon ‘whitepot’, a sort of bread-&-butter pudding)

Wimbling – winnowing

Witches – moths

Yau – ewe

Zig – urine

Zive – scythe

Zongals/songals – corn gleanings

Zul/sul – a plough

Zz’thee knaw – do you know

Vivienne.

Discussion of 275(4)

October 23, 2014

The astronomers appear to use Eqs. (9) and (10), which are therefore much easier to animate because they are used routinely in astronomy. They are called Kepler’s Construction by Marion and Thornton, third edition, chapter seven, pp. 262 ff. The complicated Eq. (8) is Eq. (7.54) of Marion and Thornton and it looks like a specialized solution that most packages such as Maxima would not give. So it is obviously easier to use Eqs. (9) and (10), the standard procedure in 2D astronomy and extend it to 3D astronomy. Maxima should be able to invert Eq. (9) to give psi as a function of t. Then Eq. (10) gives beta as a function of t, and using this, the beta conic section gives r as a function of t. My aim here is to produce equations for animations, and to animate the motion of m around M in the various three dimensional orbits. As Sean MacLachlan mentions this brings everything vividly alive as you know. The factor 2pi appears on the right hand side of Marion and Thornton, Eq. (7.53), page 261, third edition. This is Eq. (7) of note 275(4). In order to understand this result of Marion and Thornton the integral limits must be chosen appropriately. If t = tau the right hand side is 2 pi. Then the upper integral value is beta = 2 pi and the lower one is zero. So this gives 2((angle whose tan is zero) – (angle whose tan is zero). In order to get 2 pi we must choose

2 pi = 2(pi – 0)

using angle whose tan is zero = pi, and angle whose tan is zero = 0. Finally I agree that Eqs. (16) and (17) have been graphed, but now they can be animated. I agree with Sean and yourself that animations are very useful. The circle is a simple case (epsilon = 0), the ellipse will produce much more interesting results for 0 < epsilon < 1. In previous animations we did not use the functions phi(t) and theta(t) so you synthesized in some way. That gave very interesting results, but now we can animate the rigorously correct motion as given by Kepler’s construction. In 3D it will be very interesting.

Animation Equations for 3D orbits

Finding the powerseries (8) seems to be highly non-trivial because – besides the powerseries for beta in (7) – the equation is additionally inverted to give beta(t).
Maxima knows no powerseries for (7) but a taylor series. The taylor series of degree 3 (developed around beta=0) gives a polynomial in beta of degree 3. With this, eq.(7) can be inverted but gives highly complicated expressions for beta(t). This seems not to be a viable procedure.
Eqs.(16-17) are essentially the functions phi(beta), theta(beta) because of the linear dependence of beta from t for circles (eq.15) These functions have already been graphed in earlier papers.
Concerning eq.(5): Why is the integral in (4) equal to 2 pi? Inserting the limits beta=0 and beta=2*pi in soluiton (7) gives zero in both cases, i.e. t=0. Maybe one has to add 2 pi to the result, then it would work.

Horst

EMyrone@aol.com hat am 22. Oktober 2014 um 14:37 geschrieben:

The general equation for t in terms of beta is Eq. (7). This can be inverted to give a power series in epsilon for beta in terms of t. The first four terms are given by Marion and Thornton and are noted in Eq. (8). It may be possible to use computer algebra to give enough terms of this power series so that it is valid for any beta ellipse 0 < epsilon < 1. The three dimensional Kepler construction is easier to use, and it is given in Eqs. (9) and (10). Computer algebra is needed to invert Eq. (9) for psi(t). This gives beta(t) from Eq. (10). Eqs. (11) and (12) may be used to give phi(t) and theta(t). All these equations may be animated. For the beta circle the results are analytical, Eqs. (16) and (17), which may be animated directly. They describe the type thirteen to sixteen 3D orbits of note 275(3): ellipsoidal, one sheet hyperboloidal, and two types of ellipsoidal parabolic in three dimensions. Once beta(t) is know, r(t) may be found from the beta conic section and also animated.

Discussion of 275(3)

October 23, 2014

Agreed about this, the graphics are a great success and following the new 3D orbit equations the readers could produce their own graphics with packages of code and desktops. The sixteen classes of orbits were presented to classify the various shapes of galaxies and your previous graphics already give a vivid demonstration of what is possible. Note 275(3) also confirms that the mathematics are rigorously self consistent. We have checked this many times as you know. I agree that by far the most practical method is to use the beta conic section for various epsilon. The sixteen classes are the sixteen classes of three dimensional conic sections. If we put in a precession factor x we will get the three dimensional fractal conic sections, generating a vast amount of possibilities. We already know from our previous work that 2D fractal conic sections give a new type of mathematics.

To: EMyrone@aol.com
Sent: 22/10/2014 15:37:59 GMT Daylight Time
Subj: Re: 275(3): The Sixteen Fundamental Three Dimensional Orbits, Inverse Square Law

The 3D orbits in cartesian representation would have to be described by functions r(X,Y,Z). One would have to transform them to a form

r = sqrt(X^2 + Y^2 + Z^2) = …

which gives highly complicated expressions if this is possible at all. The form r(tehta,phi) is much easier zu handle. We have already considered cases with epsilon >=1 earlier. I tend to restrict graphics to really new cases because we have produced enough of them so far (in humour).

Horst

EMyrone@aol.com hat am 21. Oktober 2014 um 14:23 geschrieben:

This note classifies the sixteen fundamental three dimensional orbits from the Hooke Newton inverse square law. They are all generated from the beta conic section (23) for various eccentricities. They can be expressed as three dimensional plots of r against theta and phi using Eq. (28), r against phi using Eq. (26), and r against theta using Eq. (27). If the eccentricty is denoted eps then the beta ellipse is defined for 0 < eps < 1; the beta hyperbola is defined for eps >1; the beta parabola for eps = 1; and the beta circle for eps = 0. The great majority of galaxies are three dimensional orbits of stars around a finite central mass. So the great majority of orbits in the universe are three dimensional, not two dimensional as in the four hundred year old Kepler Hooke Newton theory of orbits. All that has been used here is the spherical polar coordinates in the usual hamiltonian and lagrangian of the inverse square law, but a vast amount of new information has emerged. Some of it has been graphed already by Horst Eckardt in previous UFT papers. This paper gives a systematic classification in Cartesian and spherical polar coordinates.

Daily Report 21/10/14

October 23, 2014

There were 1,940 hits from 462 distinct visits or reading sessions. Main spiders from google, MSN, yandex and yahoo. UFT145 528, F3(Sp) 362, Auto1 308, Auto2 81, Book of Scientometrics 250, UFT88 67, Engineering Model 64, Englynion 61, Llais 44, UFT273 39, CEFE 36, Evans Equations 44 numerous Spanish, Auto Sonnets 11, Principles of ECE 10 to date in October 2014. University of Chile UFT158(Sp); University of Denver Colorado Autobiography Volume One; Iowa State University Title Page; Pennsylvania State University Hershey Children’s Hospital Numerical Article Part Three; Dr. Rafael Belloso Chacin University Venezuela (on edu) F3(Sp); Utah State University general; University of Toledo Ohio CV; University of Poitiers general; Canon Corporation Japan UFT227; Massey University New Zealand UFT85; Bristol University UFT177; Lancaster University Etherington Report. Intense interest all sectors, updated usage file attached for October 2014.

Usage Statistics for aias.us aias.us

Summary Period: October 2014 – URL
Generated 22-Oct-2014 12:00 EDT

275(4): Animation Equations for 3D orbits

October 22, 2014

The general equation for t in terms of beta is Eq. (7). This can be inverted to give a power series in epsilon for beta in terms of t. The first four terms are given by Marion and Thornton and are noted in Eq. (8). It may be possible to use computer algebra to give enough terms of this power series so that it is valid for any beta ellipse 0 < epsilon < 1. The three dimensional Kepler construction is easier to use, and it is given in Eqs. (9) and (10). Computer algebra is needed to invert Eq. (9) for psi(t). This gives beta(t) from Eq. (10). Eqs. (11) and (12) may be used to give phi(t) and theta(t). All these equations may be animated. For the beta circle the results are analytical, Eqs. (16) and (17), which may be animated directly. They describe the type thirteen to sixteen 3D orbits of note 275(3): ellipsoidal, one sheet hyperboloidal, and two types of ellipsoidal parabolic in three dimensions. Once beta(t) is know, r(t) may be found from the beta conic section and also animated.

a275thpapernotes4.pdf

Main Discoveries to Date of Three Dimensional Orbit Theory

October 22, 2014

The main discovery in mathematics and physics is the three dimensional or beta conic section with spherical polar coordinates instead of the habitual plane polar coordinates of orbit theory. The beta conic section has various properties depending on the eccentricity. In the latest note 275(3) sixteen classes of three dimensional orbit were given from the Hooke Newton inverse square law in Cartesian coordinates. In two dimensional orbit theory there is only one class of orbit, the planar ellipse, from the same inverse square law and the same hamiltonian and lagrangian. Some already well known graphics of these classes of orbit have been given by Horst Eckardt on this blog and in recent UFT papers. Three dimensional orbits are observed routinely in 3D galaxies. It has also been proven that conservation of angular momentum does not imply two dimensional orbits. This had been thought to be the case for over four hundred years. So 3D orbits constitute another major paradigm shift of ECE theory. At some point I will calculate the Cartan torsion and spin connections of the spherical polar coordinates. Some 3D orbits are easy to visualize, such as ellipsoidal. This reduces to a spherical orbit under certain circumstances and some galaxies are observed to be spherical or ellipsoidal (cigar shaped). Other types of 3D orbits are more complicated, but all can be graphed in 3D. They all occur in nature outside the solar system in which orbits appear to be planar. The solar system is a totally insignificant part of a vast universe. Animations of all sixteen classes of orbit can be made from the beta conical section for different values of the eccentricity.

Site Feedback Activity Over Twelve Years

October 22, 2014

This is feedback activity over twelve years. Since April 2004 it has been monitored daily, building up an unprecedented data bank and historical record for the great paradigm shift known as ECE theory. This is archived in the digital archives of the countries of Britain on www.webarchive.org.uk from the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth at the British Library in London. ECE was initiated in March 2003. These data go back to May 2002. The data should be read in conjunction with the well known Book of Scientometrics also attached. This is described many times on this blog. The feedback is monitored in many different ways, notably distinct visits (or reading sessions of up to half an hour in duration); files downloaded or “hits”, page views, gigabytes downloaded, number of documents read and many other data. In 2013 for example there were 283,748 reading sessions and 1,306,969 files downloaded. So there was an average of 23,646 reading sessions a month and 108,914 files downloaded a month. The sites were busily spidered by leading search engines. In a given half hour reading session (“distinct visit”) I guestimate that an order of magnitude of ten readings takes place, sometimes much more. So there were at least three million readings of ECE theory in 2013. The sites and blog together are read in essentially all the countries of the world. Spidering is very important because it leads to search engines displaying the ECE theory all over the world. The data bank means that ECE will continue to be read for the foreseeable future.

bookofscientometrics.docx

Monthly Feedback Statistics for AIAS.docx

Development of a Spacetime Energy Device based on ECE Theory

October 22, 2014

This looks like an excellent development and it would be optimal if a device could be simulated, built and demonstrated. This is one of the major aims of AIAS and its group of engineers. After about twelve years of development there is no longer any objection in principle to electric power from spacetime. I should think that there would be plenty of Fortune Fifty type demand for such a device as Alex Hill is finding with his devices. These devices prove ECE theory qualitatively beyond doubt and we should aim for quantitative agreement between theory and experiment as in any Baconian science. So we have quietly but steadily moved into a post Maxwell Heaviside era in electrical engineering

In a message dated 22/10/2014 08:21:54 GMT Daylight Time writes:

Yesterday Doug, Russell and I had a Skype call with Jason Owens and colleauges on Collaboration and the ECE Engineering Model. We decided to inspect the behaviour of a device which is experimentally reproducible and develop an ECE simulation model for it. The situation is not the easiest one because all known resonance-based devices show time-dependent effects but we are confident that this can be handled by the model.

Horst


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